HIV/AIDS, security and conflict

October 2010

The interconnections between conflict and HIV/AIDS are more complex and less obvious than is often thought. HIV/AIDS affects the lives of many: those people caught up in conflict, those who are the protagonists in conflicts, and those whose role it is to provide security during and after conflict.

The AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative (ASCI) undertook research over a number of years to examine the connections, to gather evidence and to advance analysis. This 32-page special FMR supplement presents a selection of the ASCI case-studies alongside a number of other articles on the subject – written by practitioners, policymakers and researchers – which were submitted in response to an FMR call for articles.

Contents

Leo Kenny, Manuel Carballo and Thobias Bergmann

Many countries have been seemingly overwhelmed by the speed with which the HIV epidemic has spread and its impact on forced migrants and other mobile populations.

Nafis Sadik

Although most of Asia has not suffered from a generalised HIV epidemic, there is reason to be concerned about how forced migration and economic crisis-related migration may increase the risks. 

Alex de Waal, Jennifer F Klot and Manjari Mahajan with Dana Huber, Georg Frerks and Souleymane M’Boup

Ten years after the HIV/AIDS epidemic itself was identified as a threat to international peace and security, findings from the three-year AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative (ASCI)(1) present evidence of the mutually reinforcing dynamics linking HIV/AIDS, conflict and security. 

Paul Spiegel

Entrenched misconceptions about HIV/AIDS in humanitarian emergencies have been refuted but there is still work to do to ensure that HIV is adequately and appropriately addressed.

Ann Burton

Evidence-based experience, good assessment and a readiness to adapt programmes to local realities have been key to tackling HIV in Asia.

Priya Marwah, Pamela DeLargy and Lara Tabac

The international community has learned much over recent years about the need and potential for integration of HIV awareness into the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process. 

Anyieth M D’Awol

Disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) interventions provide potential avenues to help reach those who are most vulnerable to HIV transmission.

Matthew Wilhelm-Solomon

Uganda faces major challenges to ensure the continuity and sustainability of treatment programmes for IDPs returning home.

Hakan Seckinelgin, Joseph Bigirumwami and Jill Morris

Pre-existing gender relations changed for the worse during the conflict and interventions to promote disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) failed to address the dynamics which shape the spread of HIV.

Manuel Carballo, Calixte Clérisme, Benjamin Harris, Patrick Kayembe, Fadila Serdarevic and Alexandra Small

Research in Bosnia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti and Liberia has highlighted worrying neglect of HIV issues in the aftermath of conflict and displacement.

Judy El-Bushra

A broad gender approach is needed to understand the social context of HIV transmission within conflict environments.

Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts, Anna Foss and Mazeda Hossain

Social scientists are working with epidemiologists to produce evidence that questions traditional epidemiological HIV ‘core group’ models.

Ann Burton, Jennifer Butler, Priya Marwah, Cecile Mazzacurati, Marian Schilperoord and Richard Steen

Sex work is an indisputable reality in humanitarian settings. UNHCR and UNFPA have demonstrated the importance of multisectoral interventions to address HIV in sex work.

Shao Jing

Sale of blood became an attractive alternative to the rural-urban migration induced by economic and social hardships but has been the cause of an HIV/AIDS epidemic in China.

Marian Hodgkin and Marian Schilperoord

Good-quality protective formal and non-formal education can provide the knowledge and skills for the prevention of HIV and protection from the impact of AIDS. 

Pamela DeLargy and Jennifer F Klot

In the ten years since the Security Council’s first resolution on HIV/AIDS, much has been learned about the dynamics linking HIV and AIDS, conflict and insecurity. Assessing progress made over the past decade in responding to these dynamics enables us to identify new opportunities for prevention and response.

Disclaimer
Opinions in FMR do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editors, the Refugee Studies Centre or the University of Oxford.
Copyright
FMR is an Open Access publication. Users are free to read, download, copy, distribute, print or link to the full texts of articles published in FMR and on the FMR website, as long as the use is for non-commercial purposes and the author and FMR are attributed. All articles published in FMR in print and online, and FMR itself, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) licence. Details at www.fmreview.org/copyright.