Forced Migration Review (FMR) is an Open Access publication and we encourage the sharing of articles published in FMR. FMR is archived in the Directory of Open Access Journals and in the Oxford University Research Archive

User rights: Users are free to read, download, copy, distribute, print or link to the full texts of articles published in FMR and on the FMR website, as long as the use is for non-commercial purposes and the author and FMR are attributed. All articles published in FMR in print and online, and FMR itself, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) licence.

Author rights: Authors who publish with FMR retain copyright subject to the grant of exclusive licence to FMR. FMR publishes the author’s material under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) licence. 

Creative Commons Licence

FMR’s Creative Commons licence includes three conditions: Attribution, Non-Commercial, No Derivatives. This means that:

  • you may reproduce FMR materials, provided you acknowledge the source/author. (Attribution)
  • you may use, download, transmit or print material from the FMR website (or the print version) for any private, research or educational purpose. You may not use these materials for commercial purposes. (Non-Commercial)
  • you may not alter, transform or build upon these materials. (No Derivatives)

However, we will often be happy to agree to requests to adapt material on this site and in FMR – for example, to translate it into another language – but please contact us at to ask permission beforehand.

Some examples

If you wish to post online or circulate a whole issue of FMR, you do not need to ask permission but please include a link to our website (to the issue-specific web page e.g. )

If you wish to put an image of an FMR cover online, with a link to the online version, you are welcome to take the thumbnail from our website, or create your own image from the pdf of the FMR issue. You do not need to ask permission.

If you wish to post an article from a specific issue of FMR on your website, circulate it by email or link to it through a social media site, you do not need to ask our permission but please include acknowledgement to this effect, with a link either to the issue-specific web page or to the article-specific web page:
e.g. Forced Migration Review 
Forced Migration Review

If you wish to re-use part of an article in a publication, please email us to explain the context and ask permission. We can put you in touch with the author for their permission/notification.

If you wish to translate FMR articles into another language, please email us to discuss it. We are always glad to see FMR translated into other languages and will be happy to promote these translations on our own website. When you post the translations on your website or circulate them in print, please include acknowledgement (either in English or the appropriate language) to this effect:
Translated from Forced Migration Review [or add the specific issue link e.g.]

If you wish to use any of the photos that appear in FMR and on our website, you may do so if you keep them in the same context. For example, if you post online the html version of an article, you may only re-use the photo that accompanies the same article in the pdf version. You may not use any photo out of context without permission from the owner of the photo. If you wish to do so, please email us and we will be happy to provide the contact details for the owner.

WHENEVER POSSIBLE, please email us at with details if you re-use FMR material in any of the above ways. This helps us monitor interest in different subjects and provides useful evidence of FMR’s usefulness – which is vital for raising funds to keep FMR going. Thank you!

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Forced Migration Review
Refugee Studies Centre
Oxford Department of International Development
University of Oxford
3 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK  +44 (0)1865 281700