Mini-feature on refugee-led social protection - introduction

The six articles in this FMR mini-feature explore how those who have been displaced find their own ways of assisting each other, filling gaps in official assistance or providing better-suited means of support. Evidence from Uganda, Kenya, Germany and Indonesia demonstrates the diverse ways – both formal and informal – in which refugees provide protection and assistanceto their communities. Articles also analyse how external humanitarian actors can form effective partnerships with community-based organisations led by and for refugees.

This 16-page mini-feature is available online in English, Arabic and French at It is available in print in English only. 

Email the Editors for print copies or print your own: Refugee-led social protection (pdf). All articles in the mini-feature are also available individually online in all three languages in HTML, PDF and (English only) audio format.

This mini-feature has been published as part of FMR issue 58 which is available in English, Arabic, French and Spanish free of charge. (Note that the Spanish edition does not include the mini-feature.) If you would like print copies of the full issue in any language, please email the Editors at

This mini-feature has been produced in collaboration with the RSC’s ‘Global Governed? Refugees as Providers of Protection and Assistance’ project, led by Professor Alexander Betts and supported by the ESRC-AHRC Global Challenges Research Fund.

Refugee-led social protection: reconceiving refugee assistance
Evan Easton-Calabria and Kate Pincock (University of Oxford)

Refugee paralegals
Musenga Tshimankinda Christian (Refugee paralegal)

Kobciye: empowering Somali refugees in Nairobi
Afrah Hassan (Kobciye)

Syrian refugee-led organisations in Berlin
Jennifer Wood, Evan Easton-Calabria and Yahya Alaous (Educational consultant / University of Oxford / Journalist)

Refugee-led education centres in Indonesia
Thomas Brown (Same Skies)

Lessons from LGBTIQ refugee-led community-based organisations
Hester K V Moore (Consultant for RefugePoint/UNHCR N’Djamena)


Opinions in FMR do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editors, the Refugee Studies Centre or the University of Oxford.
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