Sexual orientation and gender identity and the protection of forced migrants


Around the world, people face abuse, arbitrary arrest, extortion, violence, severe discrimination and lack of official protection because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This latest issue of FMR includes 26 articles on the abuse of rights of forced migrants who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex. Authors discuss both the challenges faced and examples of good practice in securing protection for LGBTI forced migrants.


The design of FMR is now A5 (half of A4). In order to print it out properly, please use your printer’s ‘Booklet’ setting.

This issue of FMR is available online in English in pdf, html and audio formats, and will be available online in French, Spanish and Arabic in html and pdf formats. It will be available in print in all four languages.

FMR42 Listing is a four-sided expanded contents listing of all articles in this issue of FMR. It provides for each article: the title, the author(s) and their affiliation, the introductory sentences and a link to the full article online. It will be available online and in print in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Requesting copies

If you do NOT usually receive a print copy (of FMR or FMR Listing) and would like to receive a copy for your organisation, or if you require multiple copies for distribution to partners and policy/decision makers or for use at conferences/workshops, please contact the Editors at (Please note that we prefer to provide the shorter Listing if large numbers are required for conferences and training.)

New size! This latest FMR is in A5 format – half the size of our usual FMR format. The new style FMR is lighter to carry, easier to read on mobile devices and cheaper to post. Please bear this in mind if you are printing off a copy from the website as you may wish to adjust your printer’s settings.

We encourage you to circulate or reproduce any articles in their entirety but please cite: Forced Migration Review issue 42

We would like to thank Rachel Levitan of HIAS for her invaluable assistance as special advisor on this issue. We are also very grateful to the Arcus Foundation, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, UNHCR and the US Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration for their funding support for this issue. Thanks also to those individual readers who have donated to support FMR.

Cover image

Our cover shows a ‘word cloud’ generated from the text of articles in this FMR. The size of each word in the cloud is determined by how frequently it appears in the articles.

Thanks to Wordle