As the legal/administrative process by which governments or UNHCR determine whether a person seeking international protection is considered a refugee, refugee status determination (RSD) is a core element of the refugee regime – and the fairness, quality and efficiency of RSD procedures and decision-making obviously have significant implications for the protection and assistance of people of concern. Proposals to externalise asylum determination, for example, have been around for a while, and merit reflection within this topic.
However, there are also forms of recognising refugees that fall outside formal RSD that may provide alternative forms of protection. The issue will accordingly analyse refugee recognition that includes but is not limited to formal RSD and will encompass, among other aspects: registration, access to procedure, en masse/group determinations and alternative refugee recognition processes, looking particularly at fairness and access to procedures.
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