Mobilising for rights in the MENA region

In this special issue on ‘Mobilising for rights in the MENA region’, we look at how people are working to ensure that the rights of forced migrants are respected and strengthened in the Middle East and in North Africa. As the introductory article says, “The authors show the importance of acts of mobilisation in different locations and contexts. However, they do not shy away from reflecting on the many obstacles that often confront such efforts.”

You can download the PDFs of the full Magazine above. You can also access individual article pages and PDFs above, under ‘Contents and links to all articles’.

This special issue will be available in print and online in Arabic, English and French. The print version of the English edition will be distributed alongside the print version of FMR issue 72 on Ukraine, due out later this year.

Please disseminate this issue as widely as possible by sharing with your networks, including on social media. We encourage you to circulate or reproduce any articles in their entirety but please cite: Forced Migration Review special issue April 2023

We would like to thank our partner on this special issue: the REF-ARAB project at the University of Oslo, funded by the Research Council of Norway's independent projects (FRIPRO) programme.

We would also like to thank our core donors, who make FMR's work possible, including: ADRA International • Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs • UNHCR • and the Women’s Refugee Commission. You can find a full and up-to-date list on our website: 

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Refugees and the Arab Middle East: Protection in States Not Party to the Refugee Convention (REF-ARAB)

What does refugee protection look like in States facing extraordinary refugee influxes and who are not party to the key international legal instruments providing for the protection of the world’s refugees?

REF-ARAB (2019-2023) is an interdisciplinary project led by Professor Maja Janmyr and including collaborators from the University of Glasgow, University of Warwick, the University of York and Erbil Polytechnic University. The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway and hosted by the Faculty of Law at the University of Oslo. It explores refugee protection in States of the Arab Middle East that have not ratified the 1951 Refugee Convention.

The project has three aims:

  • to study the historical and political circumstances related to why so many States in this region remained non-parties to the Convention
  • to explore how UNHCR executes its mandate to provide international protection to refugees in these same States
  • to examine the avenues available for refugees in these countries by means of non-governmental legal aid organisations in securing legal protection on the basis of human rights instruments and other domestic legislation.


For more details, including a list of publications, please visit the project website at: